Shifting consumer trends shake Top 100 Importers and Exporters

E-commerce threatens to upend the Top 100 Importers rankings.

Although the vast majority of the companies on the Top 100 Importer and Exporter Rankings in 2015 made repeat appearances in 2016, radical changes in the way consumers seek out and ultimately purchase goods means big changes could be in store for these rankings next year.

The changes hitting the retail sector as a result of e

-commerce are happening so quickly and so intensely that it’s possible that regular mainstays of the Top 100 Importers list could fall off the rankings, or fall apart entirely. 

Retailers, which face mounting pressure from Amazon and e-commerce, hold 34 spots on the Top 100 Importers rankings and three spots on the Top 100 Exporters list. 

A look at two companies - Sears and Wal-Mart - highlights the perils facing the retail industry, and possible paths to safety. 

Sales at Sears stores and its Kmart brand fell 9.3 and 7.4 percent, respectively, last year, a worse performance than other retailers on the Top 100 Importers list. For example, sales at Macy’s were down 3.5 percent in 2016, and sales at J.C. Penney slid 0.6 percent. Payless Shoes is another Top 100 Importer hard hit by the

changing market, filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection and closing 400 stores. Amazon, meanwhile, increased net sales 27 percent in 2016. 

As traditional retailers and big-box companies struggled to adjust to the demands of online shoppers over the last several years, many have announced plans to close hundreds of stores in order to lower their costs and direct more resources to e-commerce. E-commerce sales continue to escalate, expanding 15.2 percent year-over-year in 2016, according to data from IHS Markit. At the same time, general merchandise retail sales declined 1.1 percent, and clothing and accessories retail sales fell 6.4 percent. 

Last year, e-commerce accounted for 8.1 percent of US retail sales, and that figure will only rise, as IHS Markit expects e-commerce retail sales to grow more than 10 percent per year through 2022. 

Wal-Mart, which is the largest US retailer and

corporation overall, has adapted better than other retailers, although it has also had to close stores as it repositions itself in the e-commerce era. Looking to shore up its competitive position against giant e-tailers such as Amazon, Wal-Mart last year paid more than $3 billion for, which was only 1-year-old at the time of the deal but already offered 12 million stock-keeping units and processed an average of 25,000 orders daily. 

Target Stores also is looking to make sure the wave of e-commerce growth does not pass it by, and plans to test next-day home delivery with an initial focus on household items and dry goods. 

Sellers of electronics and appliances may face setbacks in 2017, albeit not as severe as those facing other areas of retail, such as clothing. IHS Markit expects sales of electronics and appliances to slip 0.8 percent year-over-year in 2017. Those difficulties should be short-lived however, as electronics and appliance sales are expected to grow at more than 2 percent until 2020. Major importers of electronics and appliances on the Top 100 rankings include LG, Best Buy, General Electric, and Whirlpool. 

Wastepaper is the top US export, a fact reflected by America Chung Nam’s position at the top of rankings. Several other wastepaper exporters also appear on the list, including Newport CH International, Potential Industries, JC Horizon, and Cycle Link. 

US exporters of beef and other meat products on the list, including JBS and Tyson Foods, are likely to experience volume growth in 2017 as China reopened its market to US beef in May. The Chinese beef market is valued at $2.6 billion, according to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association. Beef exporters in the United States also may benefit from a scandal in Brazil in which food inspectors allegedly accepted payments to allow shipments of tainted meat from the world’s largest meat producer. Bans on Brazilian meat from 21 suppliers remain in China, although the Chinese government has lifted a blanket ban on the country. 

As home of the world’s largest military, consuming 3.6 percent of GDP, it should come as no surprise that three of the Top 100 Exporters on the rankings are affiliated with the US armed forces: Defense Logistics Agency/Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command, Army and Air Force Exchange Service, and Defense Commissary Agency. 

With US containerized imports expected to rise 6.1 percent this year as exports inch up 0.8 percent, according to IHS Markit senior economist Mario Moreno, next year’s rankings are sure to hold surprises, even without a trade war.



1Wal-Mart825,300Bentonville, Ark.walmartstores.comRetailTo ramp up its e-commerce business, Wal- Mart has acquired Shoebuy, Moosejaw, Modcloth, and
2Target556,900Minneapolistarget.comRetailTarget will begin testing a next-day home delivery service, Target Restock, focusing on household items, beauty and personal care products, and dry goods.
3Home Depot366,000Atlantahomedepot.comRetailMore than 2,200 stores in North America.
4Lowe's271,200Mooresville, N.C.lowes.comRetail
5Dole Food226,700 Thousand Oaks, Calif.dole.comFruit & VegetablesDole Food seeks to return to the stock markets after three years operating as a private company.
6Samsung America161,900Ridgefield Park, N.J. samsung.comConglomerateWill cooperate with Magellan to supply
electric loggins devices to track trucker hours
in North America.
7Family Dollar Stores/Dollar Tree158,900Matthews, N.C., Chesapeake, Va.familydollar.comRetail
8Chiquita Brands International143,600Englewood Cliffs, N.J.chiquita.comConglomerateTo roll out new global banana boxes, designed to improve freshness. Launched new service to California.
9LG Group143,000Charlotte, N.C.. lgcorp.comFresh Fruit and VegetablesReportedly considering Tennessee for a new home appliances and television plant.
10IKEA International135,400Conshohocken, Pa.ikea.comRetail
11Philips Electronics North America134,810Andover, Mass.
12Nike109,700Beaverton, Ore.nikebiz.comFootwear & Apparel
13Newell Brands108,900Hoboken, Outdoor & Home GoodsFormerly Jarden. Among its products: Paper Mate, Coleman, Oster, Sunbeam, Mr. Coffee, Rubbermaid, Graco, First Alert, and Yankee Candle.
14Costco Wholesale105,300Issaquah, Retail
15Sears Holding97,400Hoffman Estates, Goods Sold Craftsman brand to Stanley Black & Decker in March 2017.
16J.C. Penney95,400Plano, Texas jcpenney.netRetailOpening 70 new Sephora store-in-store locations. Sephora will be available in 650 stores this year.
17General Electric87,100Fairfield, Electric broke ground on a new Boston headquarters earlier this month. Campus to be named GE's Innovation Point.
18Ashley Furniture Industries80,800Arcadia, Wis.ashleyfurniture.comFurniture
19Heineken USA71,500White Plains, N.Y.heinekeninternational.comBeveragesMexico ad agency to market imported brew Tecate in the United States.
20Whirlpool70,500Benton Harbor, Mich.whirlpool.comAppliancesWhirlpool has acquired Yummly, a digital platform for recipes and cooking resources.
21Williams-Sonoma 66,400San Franciscowilliams-sonomainc.comRetail
22Red Bull North America61,300Santa Monica, Calif. redbull.comBeverages
23Gap Stores 58,300San Francisco gap.comRetailGap commits to obtain 100 percent of its cottom from more sustainable sources by 2021.
24Rooms to Go57,100Seffner, Fla.roomstogo.comRetail Furniture
25Fresh Del Monte Produce56,000Coral Gables, Fla.delmonte.comFoods
26Hankook Tire America 56,000Wayne, N.J.hankooktireusa.comTiresIts first US plant, in Clarksville, Tennessee, will begin production this year.
27Mercedes Benz USA/Daimler Trucks56,000Atlanta, daimler.comAutomotive Goods
28Pier 1 Imports 51,900Fort Worthpier1.comRetail
29Anheuser Busch InBev49,800St. Louis, Mo.ab-inbev.comBeveragesAnheuser-Busch Inbev and Keurig Green Mountain are working to develop an in-home alcohol drink system.
30Kohl's48,800Menomonee, Wis. kohls.comRetail
31Michelin North America48,700Greenville, S.C. michelin.comMfg-Tire & Rubber
32Toyota Tsusho America 48,400Georgetown, Ky. taiamerica.comConglomerateA multimarket, multibusiness enterprise with manufacturing and logistics operations in the United States, Canada, Mexico and the Caribbean.
33Toys 'R' Us47,900Wayne, N.J.toysrusinc.comToys-RetailIn the process of revamping its website in an effort to draw more customers to its stores.
34Staples47,500Framingham, Mass. staples.comRetail
35BMW of North America47,000Woodcliff Lake, N.J. Spartansburg, Automotive Goods
36Michaels Stores46,800Irving, Texasmichaels.comRetail
37Dorel Industries46,700Montrealdorel.comFurniture, BicyclesDorel Sports' brands include Cannondale,Mongoose, GT, and Schwinn.
38VF Corp.44,200Greensboro, N.C.vfc.comApparel and FootwearCompany to reshape its brand portfolio,focusing more on online sales and expanding in China and Asia. Sold Licensed Sports Group to Fanatics Inc.
39Electrolux42,900Charlotte, N.C.; Stockholmelectrolux.comAppliances
40Sony Corp. of America42,100New Yorksony.comElectronics
41Hanes Brands42,000Winston-Salem, N.C.hanesbrands.comApparelApparel brands include Hanes, Champion, Playtex, Bali, Maidenform, and JMS/Just My Size.
42Nestle US/Nestle Waters42,000Glendale, Calif.; St. Louis, Mo.; Stamford, Conn.nestle.comFood, Beverages, Pet FoodNestle USA will move headquarters from Glendale, California, to Virginia to be closer to top customers and its factories in the eastern United States.
43Hewlett-Packard41,500Palo Alto, Calif.hp.comComputer TechnologyCompany completes acquisition of Nimble Storage, manufacturer of flash-based hybrid storage.
44TJX41,000Framingham, company of T.J. Maxx and Marshalls plans to open a new line of home goods stores this year.
45Dollar General39,800Goodlettsville, Tenn.dollargeneral.comRetail
46Southern Wines & Spirits of America35,600 Miamisouthernwine.comBeveragesSouthern Wines and Spirits of America and Southern Glazer's Wines and Spirits completed a merger in July 2016.
47Mobis Parts America34,800West Point, Ga.; Mongomery, Ala.mobisalabama.comAuto Parts
48SOL Group Marketing34,700Pompano Beach, Fla.solgroup-marketing.comFruit
49Arauco Wood Products34, Forest ProductsArauco has purchased a complete plant from Dieffenbacher for its new Grayling, Michigan, particleboard production facility.
50Canon USA34,400Melville, Imaging
51Big Lots33,900Columbus, Ohiobiglotscorporate.comCloseout Retail
52Panasonic Corp of North America32,900Newark, an automotive lithium-ion battery factory in Dalian, China, in April. In addition to increased production in Japan, the company will launch solar cell production in the United States this year.
53Continental Tire32,600Fort Mill, S.C.continentaltire.comTiresCompany investing $10 million in an indoor tire test center in Uvalde, Texas.
54Bed Bath & Beyond31,600Union, N.J.bedbathandbeyond.comRetail
55Bob's Discount Furniture31,500Manchester, Conn.mybobs.comFurniture Retailer
56Best Buy31,100Richfield, Buy and Vivint Smart Home enter partnership. Smart home products, installation, monitoring to be offered by Best Buy stores this summer.
58Goodyear Rubber & Tire29,800Akron,
60LKQ28,200Chicagolkqcorp.comAuto Parts
61Hasbro26,700Pawtucket, R.I.hasbro.comToys
62Ross Stores26,300Pleasanton, Calif.rossstores.comRetail
63Hyundai Motor Manufacturing26,000Montgomery, Ala.hmmausa.comMotor Vehicles
64Gildan Activewear25,900Montrealgildan.comApparel Mfg.
65American Honda Motor, Honda North America25,500Torrance, Calif. Marysville, americas.hondatrading.comAutomotive Goods
66Conair24,900East Windsor, N.J.conair.comAppliances & Personal Care
67Toyo Tires24,600Cypress, Calif.toyotires.comTires
68Mattel24,500El Segundo,
69Itochu International24,400New Yorkitochu.comDiversified
70Caterpillar24,200Peoria, III.caterpillar.comMfg-MachineryHas acquired Yard Club, a construction equipment technology company.
71Adidas Group24,000Portland, Ore.adidas-group.comFootwear and ApparelAdidas has reached an agreement to sell its TaylorMade, Adams Gold, and Ashworth gold brands to a new affiliate of KPS Capacity Partners. The deal is expected to be completed later this year.
72Kroger24,000Cincinnati, Ohioir.kroger.comRetailKroger has purchased the equity of Murray's Cheese and its flagship location in New York City.
73Kubota Tractor23,800Torrence, Calif.kubota.comTractors and Agri ToolsKubota introduced four new specialty agriculture tractors for narrow and lowclearance applications.
74Coaster of America23,000Santa Fe Springs, Calif.coastercompany.comFurnitureImports and distributes fine furniture in the United States and Mexico.
75Nissan North America/Nissan Trading23,000Franklin, Tenn.; Farmington Hills, Mich.nissanusa.comAutomobiles
76Heritage Home Group22,300High Point, N.C.heritagehome.comFurnitureHeritage Home Group and Red Star Macalline have mapped a plan to open more than 100 Thomasville & Co. stores in major cities in China.
77Bridgestone Americas22,100Nashville, Tenn.bridgestoneamericas.comTires, Auto Products
78Raymour & Flanigan Furniture21,400Liverpool, N.Y.raymourflanigan.comRetail
79International Korea20,900
80Phillips Van Heusen20,800New Yorkpvh.comApparelPVH has acquired True&Co., an e-commerce startup focusing on bras and other undergarments.
81Haier America Trading20,700Wayne, N.J.haieramerica.comAppliances
82Hon Hai Precision Industries20, Electronics
83Skechers USA20,700Manhattan Beach, Calif.skechers.comApparel and Footwear
84Berkshire Hathaway20,500Throughout U.S.berkshirehathaway.comDiversified
85Yokohama Tire20,500Fullerton, Calif.yokohamatire.comTires
86Shark Ninja20,300Newton, Masssharkninja.comAppliancesThe company reportedly is exploring a sale.
87Tractor Supply20,100Brentwood, Tenn.tractorsupply.comRetail
88L Brands20,000Columbus, Ohiolb.comRetail
89Joann Fabric and Craft Stores19,700Hudson, Ohiojoann.comRetail
90Marubeni America19,400New Yorkmarubeni-usa.comConglomerate
91Walgreens Boots Alliance19,300Deerfield, III.walgreensbootsalliance.comRetailWalgreens Boosts Alliance and Rite Aid say they have certified compliance with the Federal Trade Commission information request concerning their proposed merger. The companies will be free to merge July 7 if there is no decision by then.
92Fonterra USA19,200Rosemont, Ill.fonterra.comDairy Products
93First Solar Electric18,900Tempe, Ariz.firstsolar.comSolar
94Bissell Homecare18,500Grand Rapids, Mich.bissell.comHousehold
95CVS Health18,100Woonsocket, R.I.cvs.comRetail
96Dupont18,100Wilmington, receiving approvals from China and the European Union, DuPont and Dow Chemical await the greelight from the United States, Canada, Brazil, and Australia on their plan to merge.
97Giti Tire USA17,700Rancho Cucamonga, Calif.giti.comTires
98Payless Shoe Source17,100Topeka, Kansaspayless.comRetailPayless has filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and will close 400 stores in the United States and Puerto Rico.
99Euromarket Designs17,000Northbrook, III.crateandbarrel.comRetailParent company of Crate & Barrel.
100Spectrum Brands Holdings15,600Middleton, Wisc.spectrumbrands.comAppliances



1America Chung Nam333,900City of Industry, Calif.acni.netPaper & Plastics Recyclables, WineIn-house logistics teams build strong relationships with ocean, trucking, and transloading partners. 
2Koch Industries211,400Wichita, Kan.kochind.comConglomerateMore than 300 manufacturing sites in the United States. 
3International Paper141,400Memphisipaper.comPaper, PackagingAfter suffering from decline in demand because of growth in digital media, the company's focus on fluff is expected to pay off. The adult diaper market is rapidly expanding. 
4Ralison International128,600Diamond Bar, Calif.ralison.netPaper, RecyclablesSupplies wastepaper to mills in China, Korea, and Vietnam. Using its own logistics team, Ralison is able to lower overall transporation costs. 
5DeLong106,300Clinton, Wisc.delongcompany.comAnimal Feed, GrainOriginating from producers and elevators in the US heartland, grains and feedstuffs are transloaded into containers for shipment around the world. 
6International Forest Products92,200Foxboro, Mass.ifpcorp.comPaper, RecyclablesProducts fulfill a wide range of packaging requirements, from fresh fruit and produce, to industrial, retail, and special electronic applications. 
7Shintech74,800Houstonshintechinc.comChemicalsLargest producer of polyvinyl chloride in the United States. 
8WM Recycle America74,800Houstonwm.comDiversified, RecyclerRecycles glass, plastics, metals, paper grades, and fibers. A subsidiary of Waste Management. 
9WestRock70,400Norcross, Ga.westrock.comPaper, Packaging 
10Louis Dreyfus Commodities69,500Cordova, Tenn.ldcom.comCotton, DiversifiedA global merchandiser of commodities and processor of agricultural goods. Ths United States is the world's largest exporter of cotton and the third-largest producer. China is a leading consumer and importer. 
11Newport CH International67,900Orange, Calif.newportchintl.comPaper, Metals , Plastics RecyclablesDirect export shipper for the recycling industry, supplying numerous mills in China and other Asian countries. 
12JBS USA67,000Greeley, Colo.jbssa.comRefrigerated Meats, PoultryOperations include hidecuring and wet blue tanning, providing raw materials for the production of shoes, handbags, and upholstery around the world. 
13Lansing Trade Group63,700Overland Park, Kansaslansingtradegroup.comAnimal Feed and GrainExports corn, soybeans, dried distillers' grains, and other products from North America to Asian destinations. 
14Potential Industries62,800Wilmington, Calif.potentialindustries.comPaper, RecyclablesLocated next to the ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles, Potential ships containerized recycled materials to Asian buyers. 
15JC Horizon56,300Ontario, Calif.jchorizonltd.comPaper, Metals, Plastics RecyclablesExporter of various types of recycled materials to China, Taiwan, South Korea, Indonesia, and Thailand. 
16BMW of North America52,800Woodcliff Lake, N.J. Spartansburg, bmwgroup.comAutomotive GoodsBMW assembly plant is in Spartansburg, South Carolina. 
17Scoular50,400Omaha, Ne.scoular.comFood, Grain, FeedA 125-year-old company, Scoular provides diverse supply chain solutions for end-users and suppliers of grain, feed ingredients, and food ingredients around the globe. 
18ExxonMobil Chemical49,300Spring, Texasexxonmobilchemical.comChemicalsInvesting in new refining and chemicalmanufacturing projects in the US Gulf to expand its manufacturing and export capacity. 
19Sims Metal Management47,800New Yorksimsmm.comMetals & Electronics, RecyclablesMetals and electronics recycling operations in five continents, including the United States and Australia. 
20Eastman Chemical47,400Kingsport, Tenn.eastman.comChemicals, Fibers, PlasticsManufactures chemicals, fibers, and plastics materials. One of the world's largest producers of specialty chemicals, raw materials, and additives for the tire industry. 
21Wal-Mart47,000Bentonville, has acquired several more e-commerce companies — in August 2016, Shoe.Buy in January 2017, and Moosejaw in February. acquired ModCloth in March. Wal-Mart also increased is stake in China's, the second-largest ecommerce entitity in China. 
22Cargill46,500Wayzata, Minn.cargill.comConglomerateThe largest supplier of ground beef in the world.
23DuPont45,700Wilmington, will sell a large portion of its crop protection business to FMC to win EU approval for its merger with Dow Chemical. US regulators have yet to approve that merger. 
24Cycle Link USA45,200Diamond Bar, Calif.cyclelink.comPaper, RecyclablesA subsidiary of Hong Kongbased Cycle Link International, which has established a global procurement system of recycled fiber covering all continents. 
25Weyerhaeuser45,100Federal Way, Wash.weyerhaeuser.comForest, Wood ProductsCompleted sale of Cellulose Fibers pulp mills to International Paper in December 2016. Will focus on timber, land, and forest products. 
26Archer Daniels Midland45,000Chicago, III.adm.comAgricultureGlobal value chain includes approximately 500 crop procurement locations and 250 ingredient manufacturing facilities. 
27BASF North America44,600Florham Park, N.J.basf.usChemicals-DiversifiedThe second-largest producer and marketer of chemicals and related products in North America. 
28Domtar44,400Fort Mill, S.C.; Montrealdomtar.comPaper, Forest ProductsServing customers in more than 50 countries, Domtar designs, manufactures and distributes a variety of pulp, paper, and personal care products, from copy paper to baby diapers.
29Defense Logistics Agency/Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command43,400Fort Belvoir, Va. Scott Air Force Base, GoodsThe DLA handles procurement of equipment and supplies for all military services worldwide. The SDDC Army command partners with commercial industry to deliver origin-todestination global solutions for Department of Defense equipment and supplies. 
30Tyson Foods43,000Springdale, Ark.tysonfoods.comRefrigerated Meats, PoultryTyson's chicken, beef, pork, and prepared foods products are sold in more than 130 countries. 
31Cedarwood-Young (Allan Co.)40,800Baldwin Park, Calif.allancompany.comPaper, RecyclablesA processor, broker, packer, and exporter of recovered fiber. The company does business as Allan Co., engaging in recycling paper, aluminum, plastic, non-ferrous metals, glass, and e-waste commodities. 
32Gavilon40,100Omaha, Ne.gavilon.comAnimal Feed, GrainAgriculture and fertilizer commodity management firm with 300 facilities worldwide. 
33Smithfield Foods36,300Smithfield, Va.smithfieldfoods.comFood, RefrigeratedNew division of Smithfield Foods aims to grow skin and organs for humans. Company puchased in 2013 by division of Chinabased WH Group.
34Rayonier Advanced Materials36,000Jacksonville, Fla.rayonieram.comChemicalsChemical company specializing in high-value cellulose used in a wide range of consumer products. 
35Al Dahra ACX Global35,300Bakersfield Calif.acxpacific.comAnimal Feed, GrainIn recent years, ACX Global began exporting hay to China, United Arab Emirates, and other Middle Eastern countries for dairy and beef animals as well as camels, sheep, and goats. 
36PriceSmart35,200San Diegopricesmart.comMembership Warehouse ClubOwns and operates 39 warehouse clubs in Central America, the Caribbean, and Colombia. 
37Interstate Commodities34,400Troy, N.Y.icigrain.comAnimal Feed, GrainHansen-Mueller purchased Interstate Commodities in November 2016. Hansen- Mueller purchased new feed bagging facility in Fremont, Nebraska, in February 2017. 
38Anderson Hay & Grain33,300Ellensburg, Wash.anderson-hay.comAnimal FeedAnderson Hay & Grain will enter a joint venture with Agthia Group of the United Arab Emirates. A new company being formed will primarily distribute US forage products in the United Arab Emirates under the new brand Agrivita Marabe. 
39CellMark Group33,100Norwalk and Stamford, Conn.; Pearl River, N.Y.; San Rafael, Calif.cellmark.comDiversifiedChemicals, metals, and energy divisions complement its paper, packaging, and recylcling portfolio. Sources 80 countries with sales in 120 markets. 
40Ravago Group32,700Orlando, Fla.ravago.comPlastics, Rubber & ChemicalsIn May 2016, Ravago diversified its commercial activies in chemical distribution with offices and warehouses in Europe, Turkey, Dubai, Africa, and the United States. 
41Ekman Group32,600Gothenburg, Miami, Hong Kongekman-co.sePaper, RecyclablesOffers wide range of services covering the forest products supply chain. 
42Caterpillar32,400Peoria, III.caterpillar.comMfg-Machinery$9.6 billion in exports from the United States — $3.6 million to East Africa and Middle East, $2.7 billion to Asia-Pacific, $1.9 billion to Latin America, $1.5 billion to Canada. 
43AJC International32,100Atlantaajcfood.comFood, RefrigeratedSpecializing in refrigerated foods, AJC is a leading global poultry marketer. 
44Army and Air Force Exchange Service31,500Dallasshopmyexchange.comRetailThe Exchange provides soldiers and airmen with the services and merchandise they need to make their lives more comfortable. It operates more than 3,100 facilities worldwide, in more than 30 countries, five US territories, and 50 states. 
45Dow Chemical30,600Midland, Mich.dow.comDiversifiedThe European Commission has approved the $130 billion merger of Dow and DuPont. Regulators in the United States, Brazil, China, Canada, and Australia still have to approve the deal. 
46Gildan Activewear29,000Montrealgildan.comApparel Mfg.Completed the acquisition of Alstyle Apparel in May 2016, Peds Legwear in August 2016, and American Apparel in February 2017. 
47Mega Fiber29,000Brea, Calif.NO WEBPaper, Recyclables  
48Mercedes Benz USA28, daimler.comAutomotive GoodsUnit of Daimler of Germany. 
49CHS28,000Inver Grove Heights, MNchsinc.comAgriculture, Energy, FoodCHS is a farmer-owned cooperative with a diverse array of economic interests.
50Olam International27,900Fresno, Calif.olamgroup.comCotton, Spices & VegetablesOlam and Sanyo Foods' joint venture — Nutrifoods Ghana — opened in March an expanded biscuit production facility in Tema, Ghana, which manufactures high-quality biscuits for the domestic and export markets. 
51Genesis Resource Enterprises27,800Springfield, Paper, RecyclablesExports paper, mostly to Asia. 
52Rio Tinto Minerals27,100Greenwood Village, Minerals  
53Imerys25,300Roswell, Ga.imerys.comMinerals  
54Green Plains Trade25,200Omaha, Ne.gpreinc.comAnimal Feed  
55Toyota Tsusho America25,000New York, Georgetown, Automotive GoodsKobe Aluminum Automotive Products, a US joint venture, plans to further expand production facilities to meet growing demand in North America for aluminum forged suspension products. 
56Ascend Performance Materials23, Chemicals, Fibers, PlasticsExpanded its line of specialty amines in March, adding three new grades for use in energy, coatings, and asphalt applications. 
57Dole Food23,500Thousand Oaks, Calif.dole.comFruit & VegetablesDole Food seeks to return to the stock markets after three years operating as a private company. 
58Berkshire Hathaway Companies23,300Throughout U.S.berkshirehathaway.comDiversified  
59OGO Fibers22,700Richmond Hill, Ontario; Summerville, S.C.ogofibers.comPaper, Recyclables  
603M22,600St. Paul, Minn.3m.comDiversifiedUnveiled 3M Scotchlite Reflective Material designed to help athletic apparel designers with a high-performance relective materials to create active wear.
61Michelin North America22,000Greenville, S.C.michelin.comMfg-Tire & Rubber  
62Chemours22,000Wilmington, De.chemours.comChemicalsSpun off from Dupont in 2015. 
63Procter & Gamble22,000Cincinnatipg.comMfg-Consumer ProductsFiscal 2016 sales totaled $65.3 billion, with 56 percent of sales outside the United States. 
64John Deere21,500Moline, III.deere.comMfg-EquipmentCompany to debut new range of high-spec tractors this year. 
65Graphic Packaging Holding21,500Atlanta, Ga.graphicpkg.comPaper ProductsExports packaging for the food, beverage, household products, and personal care industries. 
66American Honda Motor, Honda Trading America19,700Torrance, Calif. Marysville, hondainamerica.comAutomotive Goods  
67Ford Motor19,700Dearborn, of Ford vehicles in China plummeted 21 percent in the first quarter of 2017, according to Seeking Alpha, after the government rolled back a tax subsidy. 
68Jordan Trading19,600Kingston,, Recyclables  
69Prairie Creek Grain19,600Elwood, III.pcgrain.comGrain, Animal Feed  
70Nestle19,500Glendale, Calif.; St. Louis, Mo.; Stamford, Conn.nestle.comFood, Beverages, Pet FoodThe world's largest food and beverage company. 
71Fornazor International19,400Hillsdale, N.J.fornazor.comAnimal FeedFornazor exports and trades grains, vegetable proteins, marine proteins, and animal proteins primarily to Asian and the Middle Eastern markets. 
72Mills Brothers International19,400Seattlemillsbros.comFood, Grain, FeedFamily owned export trading company specializing in major grains and oilseeds, and animal feeds. 
73Perez Trading18,400Miamipereztrading.comPaper, PackagingA global source for paper, packaging board, and technology in the graphics arts industry. 
74Advanced Steel Recovery18,100Fontana, Calif.advancedsteel.comMetals, RecyclablesAdvanced Steel Recovery invented FASTek, designed to fully automate the containerization of scrap metal. 
75Alco Iron and Metal17,600San Leandro, Calif.alcometals.comMatal, Recyclables  
76David J. Joseph17,500Cincinnati, Ohiodjj.comMetal, Recyclables  
77Sonoco Products17,400Hartsville, S.C.sonoco.comPackagingGlobal packaging company now offers PromoPeel label technology for flexible packaging. 
78Sino Paper17,000Anaheim, Calif.sino-paper.comPaper, Recyclables  
79KaMin16,700Macon, Ga.kaminllc.comMinerals-Clay  
80Resource Management Cos. Intl.16,500City of Industry, Calif.rmcrecycle.comPaper, RecyclablesHandles the sale and export of materials generated in its material recovery facilities, and purchases wastepaper from other recycling companies for export to Asia. 
81Active Minerals International16,100Sparks, Md.activeminerals.comMineralsAMI is a global leader in the production and marketing of kaolin and gel quality attapulgite clay minerals. 
82Vinmar International16,000Houstonvinmar.comChemicals, Plastics  
83Mitsui & Co.15,900New Yorkmitsui.comConglomerate  
84G.A. Paper Intl.15,700Tampa, Fla.; Markham, Paper, Recyclables  
85KapStone Paper and Packaging15,500Northbrook, III.kapstonepaper.comPaper, Paper ProductsAcquired Central Florida Box in July 2016, and Associated Packaging in February this year. 
86Defense Commissary Agency14,500Fort Lee, VAcommissaries.comGroceries, Household ItemsOperates global chain of commissaries providing groceries to military personnel, retirees, and their families. 
87Parkdale Mills14,300Gastonia, N.C.parkdalemills.comSpun YarnsA major manufacturer of spun yarns and organic cotton supplier. 
88Kimberly-Clark14,200Dallaskimberly-clark.comMfg-Consumer Goods  
89Baillie Lumber14,100Hamburg, N.Y.baillie.comForest, Wood ProductsProvides hardwood lumber to manufacturers and distributors serving them. 
90Border Valley Trading14,100Brawley, Calif.bordervalley.netAnimal Feed, GrainSupplies forage products to domestic and global customers, focusing on Asian markets. 
91Sears Holdings14,000Hoffman Estates, GoodsSold Craftsman brand to Stanley Black & Decker in March 2017. 
92Staple Cotton Cooperative Association14,000Greenwood, Miss.staplcotn.comCotton  
93Zen Trading13,600San Francisco, Calif.NO WEBAnimal Feed, Grain  
94Central National Gottesman13,000Purchase, N.Y.cng-inc.comPaper Products, Pulp, Forest ProductsWill acquire KFI Technology, a specialized business focused on wideformat printing. 
95Thiele Kaolin Road12,800Sandersville, Ga.thielekaolin.comMinerals  
96Calaway Trading12,600Ellensburg, Wash.calagri.comAnimal Feed & ForageExports hay and agricultural commodity products from western United States to markets including Korea, Japan, China, and United Arab Emirates. 
97Anheuser Busch InBev12,400St. Louis, Mo.anheuser-busch.comBeverages  
98Sappi Cloquet12,300Cloquet, Minn.sappi.comPaper, Pulp, Paper Products  
99Resolute Forest Products12,100Montrealresolutefp.comPaper, Pulp, Wood ProductsIts products, including market pulp, tissue, wood products, newsprint, and spcialty papers, are marketed in more than 70 countries. 
100Zen-Noh11,900New York; Covington, La.; Pasco, zhiusa.comAnimal Feed/Grain